Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a separate strain of study at University within the surveying discipline. GIS is a graphical database where information is spatially related to each other, and also held in separate layers.
Typical layers of information might include: -
Databases of this form are held by most Councils and Government Departments in Australia and are used to help manage land and its associated resources.
Surveying students have the opportunity to be involved in this area of the spatial industry if they choose to do so.